Textiles for India is a very important industry, accounting for 6% of the country's GDP, 20% of industrial output, 17% of total exports, there are about 40 million people directly or indirectly engaged in the textile and garment industry, second only to population engaged in agricultural production. Indian textile industry is mainly concentrated in the industrial centers - Mumbai. Mumbai, India equivalent position in the early reform and opening up in Shanghai, the British colonial period had a relatively good foundation for the textile industry, in recent years through large-scale transformation, the textile industry has been actively developed. In Bombay textile industry can be developed thanks to its industrial concentration, the economy is relatively developed, the number of Indian financial institutions headquartered in South Mumbai, many foreign banks and financial institutions have also set up branches in the region. The area obvious geographical advantages, convenient transportation, near the Arabian Sea, the Bay of Bombay, is a natural sheltered harbor, railway network, road network staggered dense, international shipping and air lines. Mumbai is located in the west coast of India, many rivers and lakes, surrounded by alluvial plains. Suitable climatic conditions, moderate humidity, warm temperatures, suitable for cotton, hemp growth. Mumbai Metropolitan Region including adjacent suburban population of about 25 million, abundant cheap labor.
Indian cities "dirty, chaotic, and poor" is famous, even the capital New Delhi, the city environment also far less than the province's prefecture-level cities, and even less than good health counties, but we can not therefore believe that the Government of India we have less environmental efforts, we have recently received from the search to information, the pressure on the Indian government imposed environmental textile industry is large enough, mainly reflected in dyeing water and wastewater treatment requirements.
Indian textile industry's demand for water will maintain the momentum of growth over a long period of time, the textile industry will face more water tight competition from agricultural water and household water. In order to better cope with the water crisis, the Indian government has established clear national water efficiency targets, strive to 2020 increased by 20% (with 2005 as the reference). Government will adjust the price of water is one of the important means to reach this goal, so every high-water industry is already preparing for the next few years, industrial water price increases. In addition, India's Central Pollution Control Board has recently decided to implement zero discharge of sewage water pollution industry specification eight nine more scarce water resources within the state, hoping to effectively control large-scale water pollution in key industries brought. The new specification means that the plant will be asked to stop the discharge of sewage into natural water bodies, and the need to implement recycling. Since the new norms began its stringent requirements caused a strong reaction and criticism of the textile industry.
According to requirements of the new specifications, all the textile industry in Japan more than 25 tons of sewage emissions, the company (including printing and dyeing, processing of cotton, wool processing, etc.), must have the ability to be able to achieve zero discharge of sewage treatment facilities, including enterprises in the park ( Governments at all levels to provide 75% of the funds). In addition to the limits on sewage, the new norms on the yield and sludge treatment also has more stringent requirements. The current technical conditions and cost point of view, there will be a number of small and medium enterprises can not afford due to equipment upgrades and operating costs and forced to close. Achieve zero discharge wastewater requirements of the enterprise absence of exceptional circumstances, will not be allowed to use groundwater pumping.
For example, textile products for water consumption of 100 tons of water per ton of Indian textile companies, according to standardize the implementation of zero discharge of wastewater per ton of product means that the rising cost of about 300 euros, about 15% of product costs.
The introduction of the new standard is widely regarded as India's industry has long been in the focus of governance superovulation serious historic step. Prior to this there are a large number of textile industrial park and a dispersion of the textile industry has been shut down because of sewage superovulation, such as in the textile industry more concentrated 泰米纳 Nadu (Tamil Nadu, economic status equivalent Jiangsu Province), Maharashtra Maharashtra (Maharashtra, Mumbai is the capital) and Gujarat (Gujarat, economic status equivalent to Guangdong province, Prime Minister Modi from the state). Implementation of the new standard is expected to grow even survival of the textile industry will be (especially SMEs) great role in the constraints. In 2008, India became the first state 泰米纳 of a textile enterprises began to implement mandatory zero discharge of sewage norms state. In 2011, due to the large number of companies in the state unable to meet regulatory requirements, the state Legislature to the state all the textile enterprises to implement a 18-month shut down rectification work. A large number of companies were forced to shut down or move to other areas, only part of the business has been successful transformation and meet the requirements of zero discharge of sewage. selec the number of brands represented achieve zero discharge of wastewater standards suppliers to increase brand awareness in environmental protection, and the other is also an effective way to control risk quotient supply.
Tirupur (Tirupur, India knitwear important producer), Erode (an area 泰米纳 of states, textile printing and dyeing industry-based), Salem (Salem), Namakkal and Karur India southern textile industry is relatively concentrated, the shortage of water resources of the region, the government has long been regarded as the focus of rectification, and the establishment of a centralized sewage and solid waste treatment facilities in support of the Government. Currently, most large enterprises have basically achieved zero discharge of sewage government requirements, but small and medium enterprises are still one of the most important sources of groundwater. As one of the means to enhance the textile industry regulation, southern India now also have many textile industrial park is under development, such as the South India Textile Association, led planning 泰米纳 located Nadu (Tamil Nadu) of Kudaluoer City (Cuddalore ) textile Park (for large enterprises), as well as the city of Tamil Nadu (Ramanathapuram) textile Park (for SMEs). In Uttarakhand and Haryana (Haryana), to the State Pollution Control Board has issued a directive in the state textile enterprises requiring companies to submit zero discharge of sewage work program started in 2017 within one month.
Ganges - India Mother River, across the whole territory of India and is considered one of the most sacred rivers of India. Beginning last year, the Indian government to further increase the intensity of the implementation of zero discharge of wastewater, thanks to the commitment the current government in the general election in India to make a thorough renovation of the Ganges river basin water pollution.
In May this year, India's National Green Tribunal (NGT) of circuit judge ordered Balotra Jodhpur and area 739 textile enterprises closed down limit regulation. Shut down order is based on the report of the Central Pollution Control Board of the enterprise centralized sewage treatment facilities after the inspection issued. The report recommends that all manufacturers should immediately adopt RO membrane treatment system to improve wastewater reuse, the evaporation process and arrange the necessary facilities and venues.
Prior to this, China's textile industry development status of the Indian printing industry poorly understood, in October 2015, Jiangsu Textile Industry Design Institute to participate in the tender an Indian textile industrial park wastewater treatment project, the hospital was common in China's printing business It materialized - biochemistry - double membrane technology as the basis for the design, but do not know wher it has been included in the printing and dyeing wastewater zero discharge requirements, and therefore can only be delivered.
Preliminary understanding of India, we have the following experience: (1) the existence of the Indian labor force, compared with our quality, our vertical and horizontal chain less vulnerable now and we still have the overall social development of 15 - 20 years gap; (2) the Indian textile industry is rapidly developing, mainly with our competitive advantage lies in low labor costs, as well as the uS, EU and Japan for its full market opening; (3) the competitiveness of China's textile industry, although have weakened, but still has a strong competitive advantage, printing and dyeing business as long as efforts to strengthen enterprise management, attention to product development, attach importance to environmental protection, the advantages of China's textile industry still maintained; (4) of our competitors such as India state of development and do not quite understand, especially in India has been extended nine states dyeing wastewater zero discharge approach should arouse our attention, and draw their attention to the collection of successful experiences that have been used.