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What is Nylon fabric ?

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Core Tip:Nylon is known as one of the most useful synthetic fiber in the world.It has both excellent strength and abrasion resist
 Nylon is known as one of the most useful synthetic fiber in the world.It has both excellent strength and abrasion resistance, allowing it to stand up to any sport. It has a fantastic elastic recovery meaning that fabrics can stretch to their limits without losing their shape. In addition, nylon has good resistance to sunlight making it an excellent choice for activewear. Its ability to accept acid dyes makes it possible to achieve brighter colors than it’s other synthetic counterparts.


Traditional materials such as wood and cotton exist in nature while nylon does not. A nylon polymer is made by reacting together two fairly large molecules using heat around 545°F and pressure from an industrial-strength kettle. When the molecules combine, they fuse together to make an even larger molecule. This large polymer is the most common type of nylon—known as nylon-6,6 which contains six carbon atoms. With a similar process, other nylon types are made by reacting different starting chemicals.



Nylon was first invented in 1931 by an organic chemist called Wallace H. Carothers working for Dupont®.  It was manufactured after a long period of research by a team of chemists and researchers to develop a new fiber that can replac silk. Nylon stockings were first shown to the public by the American Dupont company at the New York World’s Fair in 1939. By 1969 DuPont had invented seventy different types of nylons. In 2005 Nylon even landed on Saturn’s moon, Titan.



There is a long story behind the name Nylon – you can read about it here. The short story is that it is a contraction of the name of the two world-famous cities- New York and London.


 

Nylon fabric is one of the most commonly used fabric in the world and is very versatile. Some of the common qualities of Nylon include the following characteristics.


Nylon is very strong and resilient


Nylon is very durable and lasts a long time


Nylon is abrasion resistant and does not tear easily


Nylon is lightweight


It is not damaged by most chemicals/alcohols or perspiration or oils


Nylon takes color dyes very well and the color does not fade easily


 

The Nylon fiber is soft and lustrous and smooth in surface


Nylon is easy to maintain – dirt does not cling to the surface- and is machine washable.


Nylon fabric dries fast


Nylon does not shrink or stretch through washing


Nylon does not absorb moisture as much as other synthetic fibers


Nylon has low permeability so can retain warmth


Nylon has elasticity – it can bend and bounce back with ease


Nylon is resistant to mildew, molds, insects, and fungi.


Nylon has a high melting point. (melting temperature of 256°C/450°F)


Nylon surface can be water resistant and made waterproof with coating


Nylon is low cost, though costs more than polyester


Nylon fibers can be spun as fine as silk.


In industrial uses, qualities of reduced weight and noise in Nylon is highly valued


Special note: this information is from the globaltextiles,for reference only
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