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14 Types of knit fabrics

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Core Tip:1. Elastane knitYou take 10 tops in your cupboard and you will find that 8 of them is in this fabric.It has the comfort
 1. Elastane knit

You take 10 tops in your cupboard and you will find that 8 of them is in this fabric.It has the comfort of cotton or at times polyester and stretchiness and ease of knit.  These are lycra or spandex knit blend fabrics ( elastane) . 

Popular product five stripe colored organic 100 cotton stripe interlock knit fabric

It is soft but if you want to sew with them you may find it difficult. It is a great fabric for making sleepwear because of its comfort level.

2.Scuba Knits

Scuba Knits are knit fabrics that have the slick surface of scuba diving outfits along with stupendous stretch and recovery. Nylon Lycra , also known as swimwear knit is a semi opaque knit fabric used to make active wear and swim wear.

3 Rib knit

Rib knits are fabrics with visible distinct vertical ribs on both sides of the fabric. It is a double-faced reversible fabric 

It is usually used to make bands on turtlenecks, t-shirt neckband etc but you can make whole garments with this fabric as well. It has a crosswise stretch and a very soft feel. You can make drapey flattering clothes with this. Cardigans, sweaters, camisoles etc are usually made with rib knit fabric

Depending on the size of the rib, rib knits are available as  1*1 rib kit , 2*2 rib knit and 3* 3 rib knit and even 6* 6 knit.1*1 Rib is used for making tshirt collars ; 2*2 Rib is used for cuffs and neckbands. 1*3 rib knit is an uneven rib knit

4 Doubleknit

Double knit is a medium weight knit fabric (almost double thickness of single knit) which usually looks the same on both sides and has less stretch than a single knit fabric. It looks on first glance as if two knit fabric is kept together ( hence the name). Usually, it looks same on both sides ( this is not always true, but mostly it is the same).

It is thick and fluffy because of its special two needle construction. Many different fibers are used to make double knits. – cotton, rayon, wool etc, even synthetic fibers are used

Double knit with rayon is the most preferred double knit fabric because it is very soft. Ponte di Roma (Ponte knit) is a popular double knit fabric. It has a fine crosswise rib texture and is used to make pants and dresses. Double pique, Double Jacquard are all double knits

5 Interlock

This is a reversible knit fabric with very fine lengthwise ribs; You might confuse this fabric with a jersey knit but on closer reverse side look you will see that the fabric looks the same on both sides, unlike in jersey. It is also thicker than single knit fabric The smooth surface of interlock knit fabric makes it suitable for design works, like fabric painting, embroidery etc.

It is thicker than other knits ( almost double the thickness of jersey knits) and hence you will find it easier to sew with. It is the stabler of all knits and keeps its shape to a degree and is great for making fitting dresses and even tailored clothes.

6 Lace knits

This is a beautiful fabric to make clothes with because this fabric combines the beauty of lace with the elasticity of knit- but the problem is in maintaining it; below is the photo of a lace knit after some over-enthusiastic washing – maybe I did pop it into the washing machine -ouch.

7 Mesh Knits

This is a durable open work knit which has the look of tulle fabric.It is sheer, lightweight and has a good stretch with good strength. It is available in very pretty prints.

8 Piled knit

Eyelash Knit is knit fabric with a pile. It looks almost like faux fur because of the pile. It is usually used to make sweaters and for making trims. 

Terrycloth Knit is a knit fabric which mimics the look of the toweling fabric. One side will be flat but the other side will be super piled with loops all over the surface.

Fleece knit is a piled knit with a knit look on the backside but with a very fuzzy top surface.

Stretch Velvet looks just like any velvet with lots of pile on the surface but has a knit backing It has a good 2 way stretch, which makes it suitable for making figure-hugging gowns.

9 Sweater knits

These are knits which are specially used for making sweaters. They are available in many types. They usually are firmly / closely knit and has a stable strong feel. It is very comfortable to wear ; some sweater knits have texture build on them, some have open weave with open holes between knitting resulting in an almost sheer look ( Loose weave sweater knits)

10 Purl knit

different kinds of knit fabrics

Purl knit is a bulky knit fabric with 2 way stretch. It is about 2-3 times the thickness of jersey knit. It has the same look on both sides of the fabric -with knit stitches and purl stitches appearing in the same column along the length on the surface of the fabric. It has a crosswise as well as lengthwise stretch. It is usually used to make sweaters

11 Tricot

This is a smooth fabric with lengthwise ribs on one side and crosswise ribs on the other. It is soft and thin fabric. A Half Tricot knit fabric has a single bar warp knit construction and is usually used for making lining and lingerie; Full tricot has a multibar warp knit construction- it is used making lingerie, as well as dresses and blouses.You can also make swimwear with tricot. 

12 Handmade knit fabric

Knitting is a hobby to countless men and women all across the world. With the help of knitting needles and yarn and countless hours of patient hand labour beautiful fabric is knitted and made into clothes – more beautiful than any machine can conjure up – because of the love and effort that goes into each piece

13.Lycra spandex knit

Lycra spandex knit is often known as dance wear or swimwear knit. It’s super stretchy and generally a pretty good weight, perfect for making leotards, leggings, or swimwear (with a lining). It has a smooth, almost shiny feel, like what you’re used to seeing on swimsuits. I don’t think it would work well for a t-shirt – it just doesn’t have the right feel – but I just ordered some of the pretty aqua floral above to try making a wrap dress with – I’ll let you know how it goes!

14.Ponte de roma

Ponte de roma is a slightly thicker, sturdier knit that usually has a slight side-to-side texture (look closely at the blue and white strip above and you’ll see what I mean). Pontes can vary quite a bit in how stretchy they are and cheap ponte de roma can feel almost like old school polyester. The ponte I’ve ordered from Girl Charlee has been quite soft and still had a pretty good amount of stretch, but since it’s sturdier it’s very good at hiding body imperfections. I like pontes for dresses (see it on my retro easy tee dress here) and skirts, but find it a little too heavy for tee shirts. It doesn’t breathe quite as well as a jersey, so keep that in mind if you plan to make a maxi skirt with it – it can feel a little hot in very warm weather. Girl Charlee has some awesome new ponte de roma prints right now!

Special note: this information is from the globaltextiles,for reference only


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